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paradug

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  1. paradug

    Testing the watch crystal

    Check out this Instructable for how to tune the clock crystal. This step of the Instructible also includes a simple program so you watch the timing of your crystal on the scope. http://www.instructables.com/id/MSP430- ... -Capacita/
  2. I was surfing the Instructible's microprocessor contest today and realized that there are no MSP430 projects in the running. With all the talent of the folks who are regulars on this forum, It seems a shame. I did a quick breakdown of the microprocessors the current entries use. The contest ends on Feb 13. AVR / Arduino - 26 PIC / PICAXE - 17 Cypress - 1 Motorola - 1 Parallax - 1 MSP430 - 0
  3. paradug

    LaunchPad as Sony IR Remote

    This is really neat! Easy to build and useful. I can't wait to give it a go. Thanks for sharing.
  4. paradug

    Motion Detection Wildlife Camera

    I originally had the camera take pairs of pictures spaced by 5 seconds, but I decided that I preferred to have more "events" than sets of photos. It just a matter of preference. The code change is easy. I suspect it depends on how long you plan to leave the camera unintended, the target that you are trying to capture, and the purpose of your shots. For example if you want to know if there are deer going to your location you would be interested in events and you might want to increase the minimum time between shots. If you are looking for cute pictures (what I'm doing) you might want to do sets of photos. Thanks for the comment.
  5. paradug

    Motion Detection Wildlife Camera

    Here is the schematic of the microcontroller board of the Motion Detection Wildlife Camera.
  6. paradug

    Motion Detection Wildlife Camera

    I have posted the code to the Motion Detection Wildlife Camera project to this topic. The range of the PIR sensor is about 15 to 20 feet for large movements. The code has a sensitivity adjustment that consists of requiring the signal from the PIR to be low for a period of time before the response is considered valid. I have it set at approximately 1/8 of a second. This stops little noise spikes and very slight movements. Since the camera's resolution is only 352 x 288 pixels you want your target to be within 3 to 6 feet to get good images of a squirrel sized object. At this range the PIR can pickup a leaf blowing across its field of view. At longer range (15 to 20 feet) it can pickup a deer or person moving into the sensor's line of sight. What is surprising is how still animals are when they are eating. Watching a squirrel through a window I know he is there for several minutes but I will only have 10 or so pictures. It is because when he eats he moves just enough to pickup the seed. So I get pictures when he comes into view, when he moves to a different area of seeds, when he changes position, and when he leaves the field of view. Most of the time he is just reaching down to the pile and chewing. I may get pictures of him reaching down and chewing, but not consistently. So when baiting with food, it is best to spread it about a little bit so the animal has to move to get it all.
  7. paradug

    Motion Detection Wildlife Camera

    Here is the code for the Motion Detection Wildlife Camera. /********************************************** Motion Detection Wildlife Camera PIR Activated Keychain Camera Copyright: Doug Paradis - 2010 All rights reserved This code may be used for private use, as long as, copyright notice retained. Acknowledgements: Some code based on TI App note SLAA335 authored by Mike Mitchell P1.3 (input - pin 5) --> PIR signal (low = motion) P1.4 (output - pin 6) --> Shutter switch P1.5 (output - pin 7) --> Mode switch compiled using IAR Embedded Workbench **********************************************/ #include "msp430.h" unsigned char shot_cnt = 60; // num of shots available unsigned long int cntr_val = 120000; // 120000 ~= 1 sec unsigned int vlo_counts = 0; // # of VLO clocks in 1 Mhz unsigned char band_flg = 0; // flg indicating timing PIR unsigned char trip_flg = 0; // flag to monitor if PIR signal is'nt long enough // Function protos unsigned int cal_VLO(void); void take_photo(void); void interval_delay(int delay_time, char wait_flg); void chg_mode_to_compressed(void); void turn_off(void); void turn_on(void); void main(void) { WDTCTL = WDTPW + WDTHOLD; // Stop watchdog timer // Ports P1SEL = 0; // all p1 pins i/o P1SEL |= BIT0; // pin P1.0 selected as ACLK P1DIR |= 0xf7; // all p1 pins output except p1.3 P2SEL = 0; // necessary for p2 P2DIR |= BIT6 + BIT7; // all p2 pins output P1OUT &= ~(BIT4) + ~(BIT5); // p1.4 and p1.5 output low P2OUT |= BIT6 + BIT7; // all p2 pins high // Clocks -- Setup DCO and VLO BCSCTL1 = CALBC1_1MHZ; // Use 1Mhz cal data for DCO DCOCTL = CALDCO_1MHZ; // Use 1Mhz cal data for DCO BCSCTL3 = LFXT1S_2; // Use VLO for ACLK // VLO calc vlo_counts = cal_VLO(); // # of VLO clocks in 1 MHz // chg mode to compressed HR chg_mode_to_compressed(); // 30 sec startup delay interval_delay(30,1); // 30 sec delay before allowing 1st photo TACCTL0 &= ~CCIFG; // Clear CCIFG // turn on p1 interrupts P1IE |= BIT3; // Enable p1 interrupt for p1.3 P1IES |= BIT3; // Interrupt edge select, high-low (falling edge) P1IFG = 0; // clear p1 interrrupts _BIS_SR(LPM3_bits + GIE); // Enter LPM3 with interrupts enabled } /*************** subroutines ***************/ // delay_time = len of delay, wait_flg = wait for interrupt or not void interval_delay(int delay_time, char wait_flg) { unsigned int sec_int; signed long temp = delay_time * cntr_val; // TimerA setup TACTL = TASSEL_1 + ID_3 + TACLR; // TA = ACLK, divide by 8 TACCTL0 = CCIE; // Enable CCR0 interrupt // Divide 1 Mhz by counts to get # of VLO counts in period sec_int = 0; do { temp -= vlo_counts; sec_int++; } while (temp > 0); TACCR0 = sec_int; // TACCR0 period for delay // Start timer TACTL |= MC_1; // Up mode // wait for timer or not if (wait_flg == 1) { while ((TACCTL0 & CCIFG) == 0); // Wait for next capture } } unsigned int cal_VLO (void) { unsigned int first_cap, vlo_counts; BCSCTL1 |= DIVA_3; // Divide ACLK by 8 TACCTL0 = CM_1 + CCIS_1 + CAP; // Capture on ACLK TACTL = TASSEL_2 + MC_2 + TACLR; // Start TA, MCLK(DCO), Continuous while ((TACCTL0 & CCIFG) == 0); // Wait until capture TACCR0 = 0; // Ignore first capture TACCTL0 &= ~CCIFG; // Clear CCIFG while ((TACCTL0 & CCIFG) == 0); // Wait for next capture first_cap = TACCR0; // Save first capture TACCTL0 &= ~CCIFG; // Clear CCIFG while ((TACCTL0 & CCIFG) == 0); // Wait for next capture vlo_counts = (TACCR0 - first_cap); // # of VLO clocks in 1 Mhz return vlo_counts; } void take_photo (void) { if (shot_cnt > 0) { // turn off p1 interrupt P1IE &= ~BIT3; // Disable p1 interrupt for p1.3 P1IFG = 0; // reset all p1 interrupts // turn camera on turn_on(); // take photo P1OUT |= BIT4; // set p1.4 to one - shutter interval_delay(1,1); P1OUT &= ~BIT4; shot_cnt--; // turn camera off turn_off(); // if camera full - go to LPM4 if (shot_cnt == 0 ) { LPM4; } // post photos PIR lockout period interval_delay (10,1); // wait 10 sec P1IE |= BIT3; // Enable p1 interrupt for p1.3 P1IFG = 0; // reset all p1 interrupts } } void chg_mode_to_compressed(void) { // set mode to compressed high resolution // turn off p1 interrupt P1IE &= ~BIT3; // Disable p1 interrupt for p1.3 P1IFG = 0; // reset all p1 interrupts interval_delay(1,1); // push mode switch 8 times for (int j = 1; j <= 8; j++) { P1OUT |= BIT5; // set p1.5 to one - mode switch interval_delay(1,1); P1OUT &= ~BIT5; // set p1.5 to zero interval_delay(1,1); } // push shutter once P1OUT |= BIT4; // set p1.4 to one - shutter interval_delay(1,1); P1OUT &= ~BIT4; // set p1.4 to zero interval_delay(1,1); // turn camera off turn_off(); // PIR lockout period interval_delay(15,1); // 15 sec lockout before next pair of photos // turn on p1 interrupt P1IE |= BIT3; // Enable p1 interrupt for p1.3 P1IFG = 0; // reset all p1 interrupts } void turn_on(void) { cntr_val = 60000; // 60000 ~= 0.5 sec interval_delay(1,1); // hit mode switch once P1OUT |= BIT5; // set p1.5 to one - mode switch interval_delay(1,1); P1OUT &= ~BIT5; // set p1.5 to zero interval_delay(1,1); cntr_val = 120000; // 120000 ~= 1 sec } void turn_off(void) { interval_delay(1,1); // hit mode switch once P1OUT |= BIT5; // set p1.5 to one - mode switch interval_delay(1,1); P1OUT &= ~BIT5; // set p1.5 to zero // hit shutter switch once interval_delay(1,1); P1OUT |= BIT4; // set p1.4 to one - shutter interval_delay(1,1); P1OUT &= ~BIT4; // set p1.4 to zero interval_delay(1,1); } /******************* ISR ********************/ // Timer A0 interrupt service routine #pragma vector=TIMERA0_VECTOR __interrupt void Timer_A0 (void) { P1OUT ^= BIT1; // toggle p1.1 - troubleshooting if (trip_flg == 1) { trip_flg = 0; } // if band time is reached and p1.3 still 0 else if ((band_flg == 1) & ((P1IN & BIT3) == 0)) { band_flg =0; take_photo(); } } // P1.0 interrupt service routine #pragma vector=PORT1_VECTOR __interrupt void port_1 (void) { if (trip_flg == 0) { band_flg = 1; // set band time cntr_val = 15000; // 15000 ~= 0.125 sec interval_delay(1,0); cntr_val = 120000; // 120000 ~= 1 sec } else { trip_flg = 1; } P1IFG = 0; // clear p1 interrupts }
  8. paradug

    Motion Detection Wildlife Camera

    You have to be careful about what type of feeder you are monitoring with birds or you will have lots of pictures of a feeder swinging in the wind. LOL
  9. paradug

    Motion Detection Wildlife Camera

    The project that I would like to submit to the November contest is a Motion Detection Wildlife Camera. It uses a re-purposed PIR sensor module from an air freshener to provide motion detection, an inexpensive key chain camera to capture images, and a TI msp430g2211 microprocessor from the Launchpad kit to provide the necessary brains. The project is described in depth at http://www.instructables.com/id/Cheap-Motion-Detection-Wildlife-Camera/ This link includes the code and schematic for the project. An overview of the schematic is shown below:
  10. The project that I would like to submit to the November contest is a Motion Detection Wildlife Camera. It uses a re-purposed PIR sensor module from an air freshener to provide motion detection, an inexpensive key chain camera to capture images, and a TI msp430g2211 microprocessor from the Launchpad kit to provide the necessary brains. The project is described in depth at http://www.instructables.com/id/Cheap-Motion-Detection-Wildlife-Camera/ This link includes the code and schematic for the project. An overview of the schematic is shown below:
  11. paradug

    32k crystal install and test

    You might find this instructable step informative with regards to the 32k crystal. http://www.instructables.com/id/MSP430-Based-Chronulator-using-Launchpad-chip/step11/Determining-the-32768-kHz-Crystals-load-Capacita/ It explains why the crystal's load capacitance needs to be right. It also gives a way that you can check if you have a freq. meter.
  12. paradug

    Parallax PIR sensor and LaunchPad - help?

    I know you have already have the Parallax PIR module, so this might not be of interest for your current project, but you might want to look at this instructable for future PIR projects. http://www.instructables.com/id/Re-purposing-an-Air-Wick-Freshmatic-Compact-i-Moti
  13. paradug

    First Project - Brushed DC Motor Controller

    The MSP430 clock project instructable below generates 2 independent pwm signals from a MSP430G2211 (Launchpad part). http://www.instructables.com/id/MSP430-Based-Chronulator-using-Launchpad-chip The code could be used to drive DC motors with the correct transistor drivers.
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