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Everything posted by greeeg

  1. @Peabody The MSP430F5514 does have a default USB based BSL. (It's located in FLASH and can be user modified) I wanted to create a firmware upgrade process that anyone could perform. Copying a single firmware.bin is easier for a non tech savy to grasp. Additionally to enter the integrated BSL extra hardware changes are required. the PUR pin must be held high while the RST pin is toggled. This has an advantage that even a bad firmware cannot brick the bootloader. I would have liked to add some additional circuitry to enable this feature. (Hold down button for ~15 seconds to enter bootloader mode). Because my hardware lacks an extra button I opted to roll my own. I'd say it works pretty well.
  2. I know I haven't finished off my desk clock project just yet, But I've been requested to design a new GPS logging device for my sisters Beagle Club, The basic idea is that a sent is placed with a guy that forms a path, the GPS logger is taken along also. They then attach the device to a beagle (using some kind of vest, I think). And let them follow the scent. Post event they extract the GPS data from the logger and overlay both tracks in google earth. They have one unit that has been working well for them, developed by a previous club member. It consists of off the shelf components from Sparkfun. With a total BOM just over $150 Logomatic V2 ( GPS ( 128mb uSD Old Cell phone battery (Li-ion) (~700mAh judging from physical size) All of these are connected together and fit into an off the shelf jiffy box. They would like 5 more made, which would perform identical/similar function Design goals: Lower cost (< $50AUD per unit, making 5 units) Externally operates identically to the old versionUSB MSC Logs start when unit powered on via toggle switch new log created when button pressed All additional tools stored on SD card (GPS utilities, past logs) Long battery life, unit should operate for > 10Hours Physically the same size or smaller (if time allows, a simple PC tool to to reset the device into DFU mode, and update the firmware) I'm planning to source a more slimline case. once I have that I will begin PCB design. I have drawn some quick System level schematics The hardware is pretty straight forward Same with the software, I have already played with the MSP430 USB MSC examples, and am familiar with FATFS. I should be able to glue in some UART code to get it all to work. The device will operate under two modes depending on if it's connected to USB or not. Hopefully someone will find this mildly interesting as I work through it.
  3. Finally got around to coding a bootloader for this project. I'm posting version 0.1 here for reference. Lots of times people seem to have trouble with bootloaders (I put off writing one for ages) But this should show you can start simple, and optimise later. The code right now is very rough. But is written in a way that could allow updating of itself it the help of a bootstrap Application. ie: Load new application which when run loads a new bootloader. This bootloader isn't 100% fool proof, if a bad app is loaded that fails to perform as a USB MSC then the user cannot use the USB port to load a new firmware file. but the SD can always be removed and a file copied from a PC if required. Worst case a debugger is required (Which is how they run right now) Memory Map Here is the memory map I've adopted. The bootloader fits at the top of FLASH, the default reset vector always runs the bootloader. The bootloader uses petiet FatFS to read "firmware.bin" off an SD card. It checks the file integrity with a CRC16 integrated into the firmware.bin file on a PC after it was compiled (last word of file). If the file is valid it check the current apps CRC, if they match then app runs. (Application already loaded). If they do not match the Application flash is erased and the new app loaded. Running the Application When launching the app it's CRC is checked to ensure it has loaded correctly. (This shouldn't happen, but you never know...) The App's Interrupt vectors are copied to top of RAM, and SYSCTL.SYSRIVECT is set. The address at the apps reset vector (0xDFFC) is called. Application changes Due to the construction of this bootloader the app needs to have a few changes made, specifically to the linker script. Reduce FLASH boundaries to remove bootloader area Shift Interrupt Vectors to alternate location in flash. (the app doesn't need to know its vectors will be moved to RAM, they just need to be in a fixed location so the bootloader can do that) Remove top 128 bytes of RAM (This is where the new interrupt vectors go. but default this is where the stack is initialised. which will damage the interrupt vectors) Create .crc section (Ensure a fixed WORD is placed to hold our CRC value.) I set up a build setting to output a Binary file format which I run through a simple C program to compute and fill the CRC value. These are all run automatically when the app is built. Improvements Reduce code size (I have a feeling an SD bootloader could squeeze under 4kb, right now it's at ~6kb) Improve speed, I'm not using the DMA, which could be used to improve speed (Update takes ~10s) Utilise High memory (Right now I'm not enabling the use of high memory, the MSP430F5514 has 17kb in >0x10000 address range.) High memory could be utilised to hold the bootloader this would free up (~7.5kb ) that the Main app could use.
  4. This project was put on hold over the holidays. It's always a busy time, plus the club doesn't hold meets over summer. But I have just completed another 10 units. More of the same, but thought you guys might enjoy some more photos. I couldn't get the same batteries as the last batch, which were 650mAh, these have much smaller 220mAh. But this still provides about 4 hours of run time. The uBlox GPS modules are a huge improvement. Even without the SAW filter in the RF path and the sub-optimal PCB size compared to the antenna. These find more GPS satellites faster than the modules, plus they also use glonass which doubles the visible satellites.
  5. Hey, It's been along time since I've posted. but I've been keeping busy with uni and working on some cool projects for the last year. This is something I'd like to share with you guys, it's not finished yet but the hardware is more or less complete. It is an RGB LED ring clock. The clock is comprised of 2 rings of 60 LEDs each. the LEDs are WS2812 parts, which include a built-in driver. The PCB is one of the interesting parts of this clock. I designed the board in altium as a single 6 LED segment. and then left pads at each end to allow them to be soldered onto another segment. Using seeed's 10pcs PCB program I was able to create the full ring. Currently I am using a MSP-EXP430FR5739 board to drive it, using some very in-efficient assembly code that requires a 20MHz clock. I'd like to optimise the code to use an internal SPI module? or timer to bring that clock speed down. Hopefully also design a control segment with LEDs on one side that could replace one of the current segments in the ring. Edit: I've built up a simple controller based on the G2121. yes, 1kb Flash, 128b of RAM! I decided to test my asmebly skills and use naken430 the msp430 assembler. Here is my code I also added a ring of perspex to help difuse the LEDs Here is a video of the clock in action. edit: 06/03/14 Version 2_02! Major differences: "double" so you need only 5 pcs to make a full ring, the pieces fit in 5x10cm Uses new 4 pin WS2812b parts PCBs arrived, been tested and is functional, but has some very small issues. Known Errata: Doesn't account for very small milling tolerance, means small gaps at joins No silkscreen for LED footprint, only shows orientation Edge connectors a few mm from the edge. Vias connecting to pour have star connections, should be direct connection Thin soldermask trace around OSHW logo is to thin 1 LED under OSHW logo isn't concentric with the rest of the LEDs (<1mm off) There is also a special controller board in the mail, this will be tested and documented when it arrives. edit 2/06/13 Please see this project for lot of photos and additional information about version 2_02 Version 3! Boards have been designed, and I have some prototypes on the way. Designed mainly to upgrade the MSP430 used in the last design to a more capable one. Boards arrived Some small errata found, pads to small for regulator, JTAG pins in wrong order. New board has been design to fix these issues. There is a tindie page where you can register any interest in buying.
  6. I would say that for a typical application the cost COULD pay itself off VERY quickly with time saved debugging. Of course it does depend on what you do. Often hobbyist/small commercial projects that's not so true. I personally have a OpenBench Logic Sniffer. (Which is compatible with Sigrok) I've really only used it a handful of times, The best example from my use case was reverse engineering an old B/W LCD module that I wanted to use in my project. But typically I'm much more productive with a Scope. (But of course limited to 4 channels.)
  7. You should try some larger needle tips. My pickup tool is a small DC motor pump + PVC tubing and Luer-loc syringes, I've found switching to larger diameter tip enables me to pickup larger parts TSSOP and 32 pin TQFP.
  8. I personally Haven't used it on my router, but I've installed it and looked around, FlatCam might be a good choice, Takes PCB gerbers directly (Can use any EDA tool) And it generates isolation tracks around your copper in G-code. Cross platform too!
  9. For typical 3d milling I've had great success with Fusion 360 (free for hobbyists and small <$100K/yr startups) (windows only) for creating G-code. You'll then need to feed that G-code into Mach-3 to actually run your machine. I doubt having the part submerged in water is a good idea. (also tub doesn't look big enough) From my understanding coolant's main purpose it to extract heat as-well as remove chips from the cutting area. A submersed part will not aid with the chip evacuation. Lastly I believe that the spindle will require water cooling, but that is a completely separate cooling loop from the part coolant. This is purely to cool the spindle motor itself.
  10. It's weird that they do that, given that I believe it all comes from digikey's warehouse. I just got a new (to me) air filter (a purex fumecube 2). and I bought a Hakko Fume extractor nozzle to pair with it. Hakko obviously wasn't designed for the Purex and didn't I had an excuse to 3d print an adapter + cap. Already love it, it's great being able to look right over your work and not have to worry about flux smoke. The Hakko arm moves around easily but stays pretty rigid as you can see. I'm sure future me will be grateful in avoiding smoke damage to my lungs.
  11. I have used sample programs in the past as a Hobbyist back in high school. I don't believe that it was strictly against their T&C back then. But given the growth of electronics over the past 5 years I can see a samples program getting out of hand. Pretty sure all the big companies require .com corporate emails. Personally I don't understand samples. Surely the couple of dollars worth of chips is almost a drip compared to the NRE costs of a typical commercial project?
  12. @@yyrkoon Double sided alignment - I believe that you can use some form of holes and pins to re-align the PCB. This may have gotten better, but I never had a good workflow. Your CNC probably needs a nice fixture plate to make this reliable. Plated Through holes - Fair, enough. (This is a show stopper for me) Small SMT parts - I haven't seen a milled PCB that went below 0.65mm pitch TTSOPs. You should be fine for SMT passives. Commercial solutions - I was talking about a commercial PCB prototype plotter. My only experience was with this ( (From memory, roughly a $20K machine.) Prototype being different from final design increases the total time spent designing, and if you're using high speed signals (USB, LVDS, 50 Ohm transmission lines) Really depend on the design and board geometry. I feel like I'm in the same boat as @Fred, And my opinion is biased against cheap in-house prototyping. Personally fabricating PCBs is not fun for me, designing / assembling and testing are the parts I find fun. So I'm more than happy to pay for someone else to do it reliably and work on another aspect of the project while I wait. I really like the results from @terjeio's laser plotter, I think that's a much better solution than milling.
  13. My personal opinion is not worth it. Based on the following points Double sided boards are not easy No plated through holes Most of my designs are fully SMD (0603 or smaller) often with QFNs or TTSOPs DIY setups require ALOT of time to tune/setup Commercial solutions are VERY expensive (paying for the time to develop a reliable machine) Minimum space is size of cutting bit (typically >0.4mm) No soldermask Prototyped designs are significantly different to Fabbed designs This might seem like I'm complaining about things that don't matter. But if you compare a milled PCB and a professionally fabbed PCB from a batch Chinese service, they're worlds apart. I've played with Toner transfer, photosensitive ink transfer, and milled PCBs. Out of all photo-sensitive was the best most repeatable, but my lab space is not setup for making PCBs. It just takes me too long to setup and pack down all the equipment. Photo-sensitive has the advantage that the same process repeated will give you a solder mask. We have a LPRF ProMat S63 at uni, it's an amazing machine. But the upfront cost and cost for PCB blanks and operating costs (broken bits mostly) don't make it an attractive offer. I would much rather timeline a 5 day wait for PCBs from china into my projects. Just my thoughts, If your prototypes are primarily single side, with larger components. Or if you use alot of through hole parts. It should be a good fit.
  14. P1_7, P1_6, P2_4, P2_3 are all connected to LEDs as your schematic shows. If you are using pull-downs on these pins you will probably have a small current flowing through these LEDs. Likely not enough to light them, but larger than the power drawn by the MSP430.
  15. Isn't this still producing the wrong result?? After negating , if you add you'll get an overflow.... (~BIT0) + (~BIT5) == (~0x01) + (~0x20) == (0xFE) + (0xDF) == (0x1DD) If you insist on negating within brackets then you should be using AND operations to receive the required result, not ADD. (~BIT0) & (~BIT5) == (~0x01) & (~0x20) == (0xFE) & (0xDF) == (0xDE)
  16. Achieving ultra-low power can sometimes take a bit of work. It might be helpful to see a circuit diagram. If you have a pull-down resistor with a logic HIGH applied you will have power loss through that resistor (for example your serial lines?) Are there any other parts fitted on your custom PCB? Just having the debugger connected adds additional power loss, even when the MSP is in LPM4.
  17. @@veryalive Yes. Take a look a little further down. The single user license can be installed on up to two PCs.
  18. I'm curious about this snippet of code. Your use of brackets is confusing to me. Particularly these 3 lines. To me this feels like it will be performing function A. Which results in an overflow. Is this your intent? A. (~BIT0 + BIT5) == (~0x01 + 0x20) == (0xFE + 0x20) == (0x11E) == 0x1E <- After it's put into a 8bit register B. ~(BIT0 + BIT5) == ~(0x01 + 0x20) == ~(0x21) == 0xDE Doesn't look related to your issue. But still looks like a bug.
  19. Polyurethane parts have come up nicely. Main advantages of this method of rapid prototyping Part cost is low these use about $0.05 of polyurethane resin. Parts can easily be coloured using dyes. (as demonstrated) Very little time needed for each cast (about 5 minutes) 1-2 Hour cure time 1-1 replica to original part. Of course you need to invest the time and money to make the silicone molds to begin with. So for a single part 3d printing is often the preferred approach. The parts are a perfect fit over the button and LEDs.
  20. Thanks, But don't be fooled. My setup takes quite awhile to setup. And I'm still learning all the time, The first pass I made on this cutout skipped steps somehow, ruining this enclosure. I'd love to own some better tools But I'm going to make use of what I have right now. But I took the opportunity to try some cool stuff. (note the mis-aligned cutouts at the bottom and the duplicates on the far side.) Infill on my engravings and engraved pixel fonts! Getting the hang of F360, slowly. Working on some custom parts now. Using a molding technique using milled ren-shape, silicone and polyurethane. Mold model Blank ren-shape Mid milling
  21. Got my enclosures today. That means I now have all the hardware parts for this batch. I've been playing around with Fusion 360 instead of Rhino, mainly due to the integrated CAM processor. Also it has easy to use rendering stuff out of the box too. This is the reason I love companies that provide 3d CAD files. I can define some simple stroke text, and Fusion 360 will project it over the 3d curvature of the part. My CNC setup is in dis-array. The setup is sub optimal. But I think the results speak for themselves. I want to experiment with filling the engravings with a paint to make them stand out.
  22. You can't move the interrupt vectors around in FRAM, the physical address is hard coded to a specific interrupt. So address 0xFFFE is always the reset vector. If you want to alter the interrupt table, for a boot loader lets say, you can use an alternative address for these interrupts that exists in RAM, it's still a hardcoded memory location for each interrupt vector, 0x23FE for reset. But you can easily change where the interrupts will go, because they're in RAM.
  23. Just did a test in CCS on my MSP-EXP430FR5969 #include <msp430.h> #include <stdint.h> // Timer0_A1 Interrupt Vector (TAIV) handler #pragma vector=401 __interrupt void ram_handler(void) { switch(__even_in_range(TA0IV, TA0IV_TAIFG)) { case TA0IV_NONE: break; // No interrupt case TA0IV_TACCR1: break; // CCR1 not used case TA0IV_TACCR2: break; // CCR2 not used case TA0IV_3: break; // reserved case TA0IV_4: break; // reserved case TA0IV_5: break; // reserved case TA0IV_6: break; // reserved case TA0IV_TAIFG: // overflow P4OUT ^= BIT6; break; default: break; } } #pragma vector=400 __interrupt void default_handler(void) { while(1); } const uint16_t new_IV[64] = { &default_handler, /* .int00 */ &default_handler, /* .int01 */ &default_handler, /* .int02 */ &default_handler, /* .int03 */ &default_handler, /* .int04 */ &default_handler, /* .int05 */ &default_handler, /* .int06 */ &default_handler, /* .int07 */ &default_handler, /* .int08 */ &default_handler, /* .int09 */ &default_handler, /* .int10 */ &default_handler, /* .int11 */ &default_handler, /* .int12 */ &default_handler, /* .int13 */ &default_handler, /* .int14 */ &default_handler, /* .int15 */ &default_handler, /* .int16 */ &default_handler, /* .int17 */ &default_handler, /* .int18 */ &default_handler, /* .int19 */ &default_handler, /* .int20 */ &default_handler, /* .int21 */ &default_handler, /* .int22 */ &default_handler, /* .int23 */ &default_handler, /* .int24 */ &default_handler, /* .int25 */ &default_handler, /* .int26 */ &default_handler, /* .int27 */ &default_handler, /* .int28 */ &default_handler, /* .int29 */ &default_handler, /* AES256 */ &default_handler, /* RTC */ &default_handler, /* PORT4 */ &default_handler, /* PORT3 */ &default_handler, /* TIMER3_A1 */ &default_handler, /* TIMER3_A0 */ &default_handler, /* PORT2 */ &default_handler, /* TIMER2_A1 */ &default_handler, /* TIMER2_A0 */ &default_handler, /* PORT1 */ &default_handler, /* TIMER1_A1 */ &default_handler, /* TIMER1_A0 */ &default_handler, /* DMA */ &default_handler, /* USCI_A1 */ &ram_handler, /* TIMER0_A1 */ &default_handler, /* TIMER0_A0 */ &default_handler, /* ADC12 */ &default_handler, /* USCI_B0 */ &default_handler, /* USCI_A0 */ &default_handler, /* WDT */ &default_handler, /* TIMER0_B1 */ &default_handler, /* TIMER0_B0 */ &default_handler, /* COMP_E */ &default_handler, /* UNMI */ &default_handler, /* SYSNMI */ &default_handler, /* .reset */ }; int main(void) { WDTCTL = WDTPW | WDTHOLD; // Stop WDT // Configure GPIO P1DIR |= BIT0; P4DIR |= BIT6; P1OUT &= ~BIT0; P4OUT &= ~BIT6; PJSEL0 |= BIT4 | BIT5; // Disable the GPIO power-on default high-impedance mode to activate // previously configured port settings PM5CTL0 &= ~LOCKLPM5; // Setup XT1 CSCTL0_H = CSKEY >> 8; // Unlock CS registers CSCTL1 = DCOFSEL_6; // Set DCO to 8MHz CSCTL2 = SELA__LFXTCLK | SELS__DCOCLK | SELM__DCOCLK; // set ACLK = XT1; MCLK = DCO CSCTL3 = DIVA__1 | DIVS__2 | DIVM__2; // Set all dividers CSCTL4 &= ~LFXTOFF; do { CSCTL5 &= ~LFXTOFFG; // Clear XT1 fault flag SFRIFG1 &= ~OFIFG; }while (SFRIFG1&OFIFG); // Test oscillator fault flag CSCTL0_H = 0; // Lock CS registers TA0CTL = TASSEL__ACLK | MC__CONTINUOUS | TACLR | TAIE; // ACLK, contmode, clear TAR // enable interrupt /* Copy IV's into RAM */ uint16_t* RAM_IV = 0x2390; /* Note start address of 0x90 not 0x80 */ uint8_t counter; for(counter = 0 ; counter < 64; counter++) RAM_IV[counter] = new_IV[counter]; SYSCTL |= SYSRIVECT; __bis_SR_register(LPM3_bits | GIE); // Enter LPM3, enable interrupts __no_operation(); // For debugger } // Timer0_A1 Interrupt Vector (TAIV) handler #pragma vector=TIMER0_A1_VECTOR __interrupt void TIMER0_A1_ISR(void) { switch(__even_in_range(TA0IV, TA0IV_TAIFG)) { case TA0IV_NONE: break; // No interrupt case TA0IV_TACCR1: break; // CCR1 not used case TA0IV_TACCR2: break; // CCR2 not used case TA0IV_3: break; // reserved case TA0IV_4: break; // reserved case TA0IV_5: break; // reserved case TA0IV_6: break; // reserved case TA0IV_TAIFG: // overflow P1OUT ^= BIT0; break; default: break; } } And you need to alter the Linker script to instruct the compiler to leave the RAM space clear ... SFR : origin = 0x0000, length = 0x0010 PERIPHERALS_8BIT : origin = 0x0010, length = 0x00F0 PERIPHERALS_16BIT : origin = 0x0100, length = 0x0100 RAM : origin = 0x1C00, length = 0x0780 /* <<- Altered */ INFOA : origin = 0x1980, length = 0x0080 INFOB : origin = 0x1900, length = 0x0080 INFOC : origin = 0x1880, length = 0x0080 INFOD : origin = 0x1800, length = 0x0080 FRAM : origin = 0x4400, length = 0xBB80 FRAM2 : origin = 0x10000,length = 0x4000 ... By commenting out the line below you can switch between the FRAM IV's and the RAM IV's SYSCTL |= SYSRIVECT; Hope this helps.
  24. I personally have not looked into it in too much detail. But from what I've read the interrupt vectors are by default fixed at the top* of FRAM 0xFF80 - 0xFFFF Or if the Alternative vectors are selected at the top of RAM 0x2380 - 0x23FF. If you would like to have 0xFF00 - 0xFF7F mapped to interrupt vector you will need to copy these into the alternative area within the RAM and then activate the alternative interrupt setting before enabling interrupts.
  25. Went through and soldered up a batch of new PCBs Paneling PCBs made this process much fast. I'm still using my manual PnP which isn't very fast or accurate, especially after a few coffees.